Dental erosion is the damage of the surface of your teeth due to acids you eat or drink, or acids coming up from your stomach. These acids can soften the minerals that make up your teeth, leading to tooth surface loss. These acids can also soften the tooth surface, making it easier for them to be damaged away by abrasion or tooth grinding. This is known as acid wear.
Stomach acids are very strong and can cause considerable damage to the teeth. For example, people with bulimia, morning sickness, or reflux (which can sometimes occur without knowing you) may experience this problem.
Dietary supplements of acid can cause dental erosion.
Many things that we eat and drink are acidic. One of the reasons for this is that acidic things taste nice. Common foods and drinks that contain high levels of the acid include soft drinks (sugar-free and sugar-containing), energy drinks, citrus fruits (lemons, limes, oranges), lemon-flavored drinks or teas, fruit-flavored lollypop’s, most fruit juices, most cordials, etc.
One sign of dental erosion is the loss of the surface of the tooth, leading to a smooth, glossy appearance. Dental erosion can also make any visible tooth root (dentine) sensitive to hot, cold, or sweet foods and drinks. When there is progressive dental erosion, the enamel may wear away to expose the underlying dentine; these areas look like yellow depressions on the tooth surface. Fillings may start to convert more prominent if the surrounding tooth surface is dissolving away due to erosion.
If your teeth have worn, the lost surface of the tooth may need to be replaced with filling materials or crowns. It is important to visit your dentist regularly so that they can identify dental erosion early, and fix the cause, and then work with you to develop plans to prevent further dental erosion and tooth wear. Rinsing your mouth with water or a fluoride mouth rinse. Rinsing your mouth with sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) mouth rinse (one teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water). Consuming dairy products. Reduce how often you eat or drink anything acidic and reduce the time it is in your mouth.
Dental erosion, if untreated, can lead to the extensive loss of the surface of the tooth. The damaged part of tooth structure can require complex and prolonged dental treatment involving fillings, veneers, crowns, and possibly root canal treatment.