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Dental Treatments

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Dental Treatments

 

 

 

 

DENTAL TREATMENTS:- Any variety of treatments of the teeth and adjacent tissues to restore or maintain normal oral health and function.

DENTAL PROBLEMS:-1} Toothache sensitivity2} Missing teeth/ tooth

3} Bleeding gum

4} Mal-aligned tooth

5} Bad breath & gum disease

6} Mobile teeth

7} Discolored teeth or yellow teeth

8} Cracked or chipped teeth

9} Dental cavities

 

Q.What if someone has TOOTH PAIN?

 

TREATMENT :

> Brush teeth twice daily, preferably after meals and snacks.

> Floss at least once a day to prevent gum disease.

> Visit your dentist regularly for oral examinations and professional cleaning twice a year.

 

  1. What if someone is having MISSING TEETH?

 

TREATMENT:

> Dental implant

> Fixed denture

> Removable partial denture

> Removable complete denture

 

  1. What if someone is having BLEEDING GUMS?

 

TREATMENT :

> Scaling

> Proper oral habits

> Warm water gargle/ mouth wash

> Oral gel

 

  1. What if someone has a problem with MAL-ALIGNED teeth?

 

TREATMENT:-

> Orthodontic treatment

>  Braces to correct the position

>  Removal of teeth to correct overcrowding.

 

  1. What if someone faced a problem with BAD BREATH?

 

TREATMENT:-

> Find a cause

> Scaling

> Mouth wash

> Oral Rinses

 

  1. What if someone faced a problem MOBILE TEETH?

 

TREATMENT:

> Extraction

> Root canal

 

  1. What if someone has a problem with DISCOLORATION OF TOOTH?

 

-> EXTRINSIC DISCOLORATION: occurs in the outer layer of the tooth…

-> INTRINSIC DISCOLORATION: occurs in the inner structure of the tooth.

 

TREATMENT:

> Bleaching

> Scaling

 

  1. What if someone is having a problem with CRACKED or CHIPPED TEETH?

 

TREATMENT:

> Filling

> Root canal treatment

> Capping

 

Q.What if someone has a problem with CAVITIES?

 

TREATMENT :-

> Filling

> Root canal

> Extraction

> Fluoride application

 

MORE WAYS TO  FIND OUT THE DENTAL TREATMENT :

 

4 reasons to get an oral cancer screening :

With a five-year survival rate as low as 60%, oral cancer is scary.

Protect yourself by getting checked for the disease today. Here are the top four reasons you should add “oral cancer screening” to your wellness to-do list.

  1. It’s easy.
    > Just ask your dentist to check for signs of oral cancer during your regular dental exam.
  2. It can save your life.
    > Oral cancer is a devastating disease — but you can boost your chances of survival by at least 20 percentage points when the disease is caught early.
  3. It’s EXPENSIVE?
    > When an oral cancer exam is incorporated into your regular exam, there’s no extra expense unless follow-up procedures are needed.
  4. It’s better to be safe than sorry.
    > Even if you don’t have oral cancer, isn’t it better to be sure?

4 tips for retainer care :

Make sure your retainer lasts a long time by taking proper care of it. The better you treat your retainer, the better it’ll treat you: giving you a straight, healthy smile for a lifetime.

– Take it out before you eat:

> Remove your retainer before you eat so it doesn’t trap food and plaque.

> Carry your retainer case with you and pop your retainer in before meals.

> Never wrap a retainer in a napkin or tissue — you or someone else might accidentally throw it in the trash.

> First clean, then store

> Rinse and brush your retainer regularly.

> This helps remove tartar that can build up on the surface.

> You can use a regular toothbrush and toothpaste or soak your retainer in a glass of water with some baking soda.

> If you don’t have to wear a retainer very often (for example, you only wear it every other night), store it in a container with sufficient airflow so it doesn’t breed mold and bacteria.

– Avoid harsh chemicals:

>Toothpaste and water should be sufficient to clean your retainer.

> When letting your retainer soak, you can add baking soda, mild vinegar, or denture tablets to the water.

> Never use bleach or alcohol-based mouthwash. These products can damage the plastic — and your mouth.

> Boiling your retainer is another serious no-no; it can warp the metal and melt the plastic.

– Remove when brushing:

> Never brush your teeth while wearing a retainer.

> You’ll miss large areas of your mouth, and the toothbrush may accidentally displace the retainer.

> Instead, brush and floss after you’ve removed your retainer, and then brush the retainer separately.

All about DENTAL IMPLANTS : 

– A dental implant is an artificial replacement for a missing natural tooth or root.

>It offers more comfort and stability than dentures, lets you chew food comfortably, and may improve your speech and facial appearance.

Q.What is an implant?

> Implants are manufactured “anchors” that resemble cylinders or screws.

>Used in upper and lower jaws, they are surgically inserted into the jawbone to become a stable base for artificial replacement teeth.

> The implant itself acts as the root of the tooth. The structure placed over the implant will look and perform like the natural tooth that was lost.

Q.How do implants differ from dentures?

> Unlike dentures, implants are not removed for overnight soaking and cleaning, need no adhesives, and do not require anchoring to healthy teeth.

  1. How are implants placed?

> Implant surgery is a three-step process, performed in a dentist’s office:

  1. First, a dentist surgically places an implant directly into the jawbone, positioned like a natural tooth root. The implant will usually remain covered for three to six months to allow the bone to develop around the implant to help hold it in place.
  2. Once the bone has developed, the dentist uncovers the implant and attaches an extension, called a post. The surrounding gum tissue then needs to heal — a process that typically takes several more months.
  3. Once healing is complete, the implant is ready to serve as a foundation for the new tooth. The dentist makes a crown (or other artificial tooth replacement) and attaches it to the implant post.

The entire process can take five to nine months to complete, depending on the patient’s situation and speed of healing.

>Dentists typically give specific instructions on how to care for dental implants. It is important that you follow these instructions carefully.

Q.How effective are implants?

> Having good general health, healthy gums and sufficient bone structure makes you a good candidate for implants.

> Depending on the location in the mouth, implants are usually between 85 and 90% successful.

>Implants may be less successful for people who smoke, grind or clench teeth or have a history of radiation therapy. Patients with diabetes or osteoporosis who have bone loss in the jaw may also be at risk for complications. Check with your dentist to see if implants are the right choice for you.

> When implants fail, it is usually because of:

  • Poor oral hygiene, resulting in infection or impaired healing
  • Overloading, or too much pressure on the implant structure (this usually happens when you grind your teeth, which can cause the implant to move).

Dentures:-

> A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues.

> It is made of acrylic resin, sometimes in combination with various metals.

> Complete dentures replace all the teeth, while a partial denture fills in the spaces created by missing teeth and prevents other teeth from changing position.

> Complete dentures are either “conventional” or “immediate.” A conventional denture is placed in the mouth about a month after all the teeth are removed to allow for proper healing, whereas an immediate denture is placed as soon as the teeth are removed.

> The drawback behind an immediate denture is that it may require more adjustments after the healing has taken place.

 

Q.Who needs a denture?

Candidates for complete dentures have lost most or all of their teeth. A partial denture is suitable for those who have some natural teeth remaining. A denture improves chewing ability and speech and provides support for facial muscles. It will greatly enhance the facial appearance and smile.

Q.What happens when you get a denture?

>A dentist can make a full conventional denture when all teeth have been lost or all extraction sites have healed (up to eight weeks or longer.) The denture process takes about one month and five appointments: the initial diagnosis is made; an impression and a wax bite are made to determine vertical dimensions and proper jaw position; a “try-in” is placed to assure proper color, shape, and fit; and the patient’s final denture is placed, following any minor adjustments.

> New denture wearers need time to get accustomed to their new “teeth” because even the best-fitting dentures will feel awkward at first.

> While most patients can begin to speak normally within a few hours, many patients report discomfort with eating for several days to a few weeks.

> To get accustomed to chewing with a new denture, start with soft, easy-to-chew foods.

> In addition, denture wearers often notice a slight change in facial appearance, increased salivary flow, or minor speech difficulty.

Q.How do you care for a denture?

A denture is fragile, so it is important to handle it with care. Remove and brush the denture daily, preferably with a brush designed specifically for cleaning dentures, using either a denture cleanser or a toothpaste. Never use harsh, abrasive cleansers, including abrasive toothpaste, because they may scratch the surface of the denture. Don’t sterilize your denture with boiling water because it will cause it to become warped. If you wear a partial denture be sure to remove it before brushing your natural teeth. When not in use, soak it in a cleanser solution or in water. Get in the habit of keeping the denture in the same safe and handy place to reduce the likelihood of misplacement.

> Should a denture be worn at night?

While you may be advised to wear your denture almost constantly during the first two weeks- even while you sleep-under normal circumstances it is considered best to remove it at night. Research has shown that removing the denture for at least eight hours during either the day or night allows the gum tissue to rest and allows normal stimulation and cleansing by the tongue and saliva. This promotes the better long-term health of the gums.

> The hows and whys of simple tooth extraction:

Q.Why would I need a tooth pulled?

There are a number of reasons why you might need an extraction:

  • You have too many teeth: This condition, called hyperdontia/supernumerary teeth, may mean you need one or more teeth pulled to prevent biting and chewing problems.
  • You’re getting bracesIf you’re a candidate for braces, your dentist may want to remove one or more teeth to make room in your mouth so the braces can work properly.
  • You have a tooth infection: You may have an infection in the tooth pulp, which is the area inside the tooth’s root. Sometimes pulling a tooth is the only option to kill the infection and stop the pain.
  • You have a loose tooth: If your tooth is loose because of gum disease, then it might be pulled to stop the spread of infection and help save the bone left in the jaw.
  • You’re ill: If you’re fighting cancer or have a compromised immune system, you may need decayed teeth pulled to prevent the continued spread of infection.

Q.What happens if I don’t have a tooth pulled?

An untreated tooth infection will not heal and will likely worsen without proper medical care. Ignoring an infected tooth can lead to the bone and gum weakening over time, which makes the damage a lot harder to repair.

You’re also asking for more pain and discomfort, and it’s likely the infection will spread to other teeth. And you put yourself at great risk for sepsis, which is deadly.

If your mouth is crowded and you don’t pull some teeth, an overbite or underbite can worsen. Your other teeth might move to “fit,” which can lead to additional problems:

  • Pain while biting or chewing;
  • Impacted and/or infected teeth;
  • Bad jaw alignment.

Q.How is a tooth pulled?

First, relax by knowing you won’t feel pain because your dentist will numb the tooth, gums, and bone tissue with local anesthesia.

Once the area is numb, your dentist will use a device called an “elevator” that is placed between the tooth and gums to create space. Then, your dentist will use special forceps to pull out the tooth. The area will be thoroughly cleaned to prevent infection and prepped for recovery. You may find that waiting for the local anesthesia to kick in may take longer than the actual extraction.

Q.What happens after my tooth is pulled?

After an extraction, expect some bleeding — it’s normal. A clot will develop to help slow and eventually stop the bleeding. You want to be sure the clot stays in place, so follow your dentist’s directions for the next 48 hours.

You should:

  • Bite on a gauze pad to stop any bleeding.
  • Use an ice pack (or a small bag of frozen veggies) and ibuprofen to stop any swelling. (Make sure your dentist knows ahead of time if you are allergic to any medication.)
  • Brush and floss your other teeth as usual — just be careful and take your time, particularly in the area around the extraction.
  • • Rinse your mouth with warm, salty water 24 hours after the procedure or when your dentist says it’s safe.

You should not:

  • Use a straw or rinse your mouth vigorously.
  • Drink alcohol or smoke.
  • Brush or floss the empty socket — leave it alone!
  • Exercise — this increases blood flow in the body, which will aggravate the socket.

After a few weeks, the socket should close, but this depends on many factors, including the number of teeth removed and their size.

The smaller the tooth, the faster the healing because there are fewer roots involved. Be patient, and follow your dentist’s instructions.

If you suddenly start bleeding or are in pain, call your dentist immediately.

Q.What are my options for a tooth replacement?

You have several options to choose from, depending on your situation and the health of your mouth:

An implant

  • What it is: An implant is an artificial replacement for a missing natural tooth or root. It can be used in both the upper and lower jaw and is known for its stability and comfort.
  • Who could use it: Implants are a good option for someone in good general health and with a healthy jaw bone structure, which is needed to support the implant.

A bridge:

  • What it is: A bridge consists of an artificial tooth with crowns placed on existing teeth on either side.
  • Who could use it: Getting a bridge may be a good option if your tooth has been missing for a long time. Because gum and bone have already receded, your jaw may not be able to properly secure an implant.

Removable partial denture

  • What is itA PARTIAL DENTURE is a set of replacement teeth attached to a base that matches the skin color of your gums. It’s held in place with an adjustable clasp that attaches to your teeth and can be removed at night.
  • Who could use it: A partial denture is a good option for anyone who has lost multiple teeth because it can help support the facial muscles and make eating much more comfortable.

Remember: Follow your dentist’s post-surgical instructions, call him or her if anything seems to go wrong after your surgery, and keep the rest of your mouth healthy by brushing and flossing every day.

SOME APPROX CHARGES OF DENTAL TREATMENT IN INDIA :

1} TOOTH EXTRACTION COST –

City Average Price Starting Price Price Up to
Bangalore Rs. 3857.00 Rs. 1500.00 Rs. 8000.00
Chennai Rs. 3594.00 Rs. 500.00 Rs. 8000.00
Hyderabad Rs. 2454.00 Rs. 700.00 Rs. 6100.00
Jaipur Rs. 3250.00 Rs. 2500.00 Rs. 4000.00
Kolkata Rs. 2874.00 Rs. 200.00 Rs. 7930.00
Mumbai Rs. 2908.00 Rs. 800.00 Rs. 5000.00
New Delhi Rs. 3777.00 Rs. 650.00 Rs. 10500.00
Noida Rs. 3000.00 Rs. 1000.00 Rs. 5000.00
Pune Rs. 4012.00 Rs. 1000.00 Rs. 8000.00
 

 

 

 

 

FOR ROOT CANAL TREATMENT:-

 

Dental Treatment                   Approximate cost in USA                      Approximate cost in India

Root Canal                                           $400 to $700                                            $50 to $90

Cleaning & Polishing                           $150 to $350                                             $15 to $50

Tooth colored composite fillings          $100 to $200                                           $15 to $20

Braces (orthodontic)                         $3500 to $6000                                          $500 to $1000

 

 

 

The fees charged by endodontists could be up to 50% higher. And the charges also depend on which type of crown the patient wants to wear.

 

FOR DENTAL IMPLANT THE COST IS :

 

> The overall cost of a full mouth dental implant could vary from Rs. 2.5 lakhs to Rs. 6 Lakhs.

The cost purely depends on a few points like the type of implants the patients choose; the patient’s bone type, and the brand of the implant and final prosthesis teeth.

 

 

 

PROPHYLAXIS:-

 

> Prophylaxis is recommended for the patients identified in the previous section for all dental procedures that involve manipulation of gingival tissue or the periapical region of the teeth, or perforation of the oral mucosa.

 

> Antibiotic prophylaxis (or premedication) is simply the taking of antibiotics before some dental procedures such as teeth cleaning, tooth extractions, root canals, and deep cleaning between the tooth root and gums to prevent infection.

 

CONTRAINDICATIONS:-

 

  • Minimally invasive
  • A psychological benefit to the patient
  • Short-term solution
  • Asymmetrical/unnatural appearance due to improper injection technique
  • Cost
  • Possibility of viral disease transmission due to human albumin

 

  • Sensitivity to any botulinum toxin, human albumin, or saline solution
  • Pregnant women and nursing mothers
  • Children under 12 as it could impact nerve growth
  • Neuromuscular disorders such as myasthenia gravis or muscular dystrophy
  • Patients with impaired homeostasis or taking aspirin therapy
  • Cardiovascular disorder
  • Pre-existing infection at the injection site
  • Skin infections such as eczema or psoriasis
  • Those taking aminoglycoside antibiotics, quinine, chloroquine or calcium channel blockers as these may potentiate the effect of  therapy
  • Emotionally disturbed individuals especially after the age of 65
  • Systemic effects:
    • Anxiety
    • Dizziness
    • Drowsiness
    • Nausea
    • Sweating
    • Fever/chills
    • Allergic reaction like rash or hives
    • Headache
    • Pharyngitis
    • Dysphagia
    • Facial pain
    • Flu-like symptoms
    • Hoarseness
  • Local effects:
    • Pain
    • Redness
    • Tingling
    • Weakness
    • Bruising
    • Swelling
    • Tenderness
    • Bleeding
    • Muscle atrophy, especially with long-term use
  • The term Medically Compromised refers to dental patients with impaired health status like pregnancy, or patients with systemic diseases like ischemic heart disease, congenital heart disease, liver disease, renal disease, asthma, patients with immunodeficiency, and patients with altered immune status.

A congenital heart defect that has been fully repaired with artificial material or a device for the first six months after the repair procedure. c. Repaired congenital heart disease with a residual defect, such as persisting leaks or abnormal flow at/or adjacent to a prosthetic patch or prosthetic device.

 

 

TIPS FOR DENTAL HYGIENE :

 

The oral cavity serves many functions like smiling, chewing, and speaking. Moreover, dental health is directly related to your overall body health. Apart from this, discolored teeth, broken teeth, gum infection, and other dental problems can affect your self-confidence. Thus, maintaining good dental hygiene is extremely important.

 

  1. Brush twice a day:-

Brushing your teeth helps to remove food debris and prevents the formation of dental plaque. Moreover, toothpaste fights against bad breath and gives a feeling of freshness. The main contributing factors that are responsible for causing dental problems are food debris, dental plaque, and calculus.

 

  1. Floss daily:-

Flossing is equally important as brushing teeth and too often gets skipped in our busy lives. You can use a floss thread, water flosser, or other interdental cleaning aid.

  1. Get a dental check-up, at least once every six months:-

Regular dental check-ups and dental exams help to diagnose or identify dental problems at an early stage; the latter playing a crucial role in the prognosis of the disease. For example, dental cavities initially require a filling.

  1. Avoid habits that are harmful to your teeth:-

You should avoid tobacco and other substances that are harmful to teeth. Limit snacking between meals and reduce the intake of sugars.

  1. Eat healthily:

Choose foods that are beneficial for your dental health. Practice maintaining a balanced diet so that your body receives vitamins and minerals in the correct amount. Nutritional deficiencies can result in malformed teeth and gum bleeding.

  1. Plan your child’s dental visit at the right age:-

Baby teeth are equally as important as adult teeth. Although they get replaced by permanent variants, they still serve major functions in the early stage of your child’s life. They play a key role in guiding the adult dentition in its proper place.

  1. Don’t delay dental treatments:

Many people have fears that prevent them from getting timely dental treatments. Moreover, others avoid treatments thinking that they will cost them an arm and a leg. However, preventative check-ups and treatments do not cost much when compared to extensive care like a dental crown, implant, and others.

  1. Sealants do work:

Dental cavities can be prevented if diagnosed at an early stage. Moreover, if preventive steps like fluoride application and sealants are done, then it becomes easy to clean the teeth and maintain good oral hygiene.

  1. Protect your mouth while playing sports:-

Trauma or accidents can cause tooth fracture and even tooth loss. So, you should wear a proper device like a mouth guard to protect your teeth while playing sports.

  1. Use correct tools for cleaning your teeth and gums

You should use a soft toothbrush if you have gum disease. Moreover, if you have wires and braces, then you should use a special orthodontic toothbrush and mouthwash. Apart from this, dental hygiene in dental implant patients also requires special steps.

 

TIPS FOR HOW TO KEEP DENTAL HYGIENE PROPER

DUE TO  CORONA VIRUS :

 

    • > Brush properly: Brush your teeth for three minutes in the morning and before going to bed. Use a toothbrush with a flexible handle; soft or medium-bristled ones preferred. Always use cream type toothpaste; the gel variety is more abrasive. Use vibratory strokes in an upward to downward motion for your upper teeth and vice versa for the lower set. Focus on three teeth at a time.

 

  • > Refrain from using fingernails, toothpicks, and safety pins to remove food lodged between the teeth. Use dental floss and interdental brushes.
  • > Avoid mouthwashes unless prescribed by a dentist. They are known to cause chemical burns.
  • > Do not forget your tongue! To avoid bad breath, clean your tongue once daily with your toothbrush. >Avoid stainless steel tongue cleaners as they may damage your taste buds.
  • > Those with toothaches, swelling, ulcers, and those bleeding from the gums should contact a dentist. Avoid self-medication.
  • Use antibiotics only when prescribed by a dentist. >Antibiotic resistance is a clear and present danger. Never use antibiotics from leftover strips.
  • > Clean removable dental appliances and dentures with cleansing tablets or solutions. Ensure that they are disinfected every day.
  • > The stress during lockdown can lead to problems such as ulcers, dry mouth, and jaw joint problems due to grinding of the teeth or gum diseases. If it is worrying you, do contact a dentist. Most importantly, avoid stress.
  • > Always keep your toothbrush at least six feet away from your toilet. Make sure insects and lizards cannot reach your brush. Rinse the brush with lukewarm water before use.
  • > Eat a balanced diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables. Do daily workouts of 30 minutes. Get your daily quota of sunlight. Sleep well. Avoid smoking and limit your alcohol intake.

 

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