Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic condition that causes powerful pain in all or part of the face. If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even mild stimulation of your face such as from brushing your teeth or putting on makeup may generate a shock of unbearable pain. You may primarily feel short, slight attacks. But trigeminal neuralgia can develop and cause longer, more frequent sessions of shooting pain. Trigeminal neuralgia affects women more often than men, and it’s more likely to occur in people who are elder than 50.
Trigeminal neuralgia symptoms can include one or more of these forms,
Incidents of severe, shooting, or stabbing pain that may feel like an electric shockwave. Episodes of numerous attacks lasting days, weeks, months or longer some people have stages when they experience no pain. Impulsive attacks of pain or attacks generated by things such as touching the face, chewing, speaking, or brushing teeth. Pain in areas supplied by the trigeminal nerve, including the teeth, gums, lips, cheek, jaw, or less often the eye and forehead. Pain affecting one side of the face at a time though may infrequently affect both sides of the face. The incidence(attacks) that become more frequent and intense over time.
Trigeminal neuralgia can happen as a result of aging, or it can be related to multiple sclerosis or a similar disorder that damages the myelin sheath protecting certain nerves. Trigeminal neuralgia can also be caused by a tumor squeezing the trigeminal nerve. Some people may experience trigeminal neuralgia due to a brain lesion or other anomalies. In other cases, surgical injuries, stroke, or facial trauma may be the reason for trigeminal neuralgia.
Your doctor will diagnose trigeminal neuralgia mainly based on your explanation of the pain, including Type. Pain-related to trigeminal neuralgia is unexpected, shock-like, and short-term. Location. The segments of your face that are affected by pain will tell your doctor if the trigeminal nerve is involved. Triggers. Trigeminal neuralgia-related pain usually is brought on by light stimulation of your cheeks, such as from eating, talking, or even come across a cool breeze.
The medicines doctors typically prescribe to treat trigeminal neuralgia were originally formed to treat epilepsy. The anticonvulsant drug most commonly prescribed for trigeminal neuralgia is Carbamazepine. Trigeminal neuralgia surgery is served for people who still experience devastating pain despite the best attempts to manage their condition with medication.