Genetics and Oral health.
Do genetics play a role in dental health? Every cell in the human body contains twenty-three pairs of chromosomes with one chromosome in the pair inherited from each parent. A chromosome is a DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule with part or all of the genetic material of an organism or the chromosomes of a cell are in the cell nucleus. When they replicate chromosomes look like the letter “X”. In most cases you can thank your biological parents for your eye color, blood, and your height, but what about your straight end bright smile? Do you have a precise position for problems like gum disease and cavities due to your genes? Yes, genes do play a role in the shape development, and structure of your teeth. Research at the University of Zurich studied mice and determined that the jagged two genes are necessary for healthy teeth development. Without its teeth crowns were malformed and enamel (an outer shiny layer) was lacking.
Despite following a healthy diet, implementing a good oral care routine, and regular dental checkups. You may find that you are still plagued by cavity and gum problems. Researchers from the Pittsburg school of dental medicine identified the cause of tooth decay and gum disease could be your genetics. After so many researchers doctor Alexander Vieria determine that tooth decay or gum disease can be influenced by individual variation in the gene beta-defensin 1 which helps fight with germs. In some cases, genes can cause a malfunction of the protein in the enamel (the protective layer of teeth). This can result in teeth that appear yellow-brown gray and teeth that can break easily due to the lack of enamel protecting the teeth against cavity-causing germs and it is called Amelogenesis Imperfecta. Dis coloration of teeth to a translucent blue-gray or yellow-brown color and weak teeth that are prone to breakage. Both baby teeth and adult teeth can be affected. Congenital missing tooth. During the tooth development multiple, Genes are expressed together to determine tooth type location and time of formation and it may lead to the absence of a tooth.
Hence we recommend that for the upcoming oral health care examination, an advanced step in resolving multifaceted oral diseases by the science, new schemes, and upcoming knowledge from people of other disciplines is mandatory. Also, the unsolved perplexing and varying structural and functional integrity of the human genome still required efficient prophylactic and curative therapies.