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Oral Hygiene

Category: 

Oral Hygiene

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION: –

Certain patients are prone to oral problems because of a lack of knowledge.

Good oral hygiene includes daily stimulation of the gums and brushing of teeth.

ORAL HYGIENE: –

It is cleaning the teeth and the oral cavity of the patient. It includes measures to prevent the spread of disease from the mouth and increase the comfort of the patient.

PURPOSES: –

> To maintain the healthy state of mouth, gums, teeth, and lips.

> To remove calculus and stains from and between the teeth.

> To stimulate the appetite.

> To provide a sense of well-being.

> To remove bacteria and food particles.

> To prevent sores and infection of oral tissues.

> To prevent discomfort resulting from halitosis and

taste.

> To prevent gum inflammation and infection.

> To prevent the mucous membrane from becoming dry.

> To prevent sores, which results in ulceration.

> To maintain the intactness and health of the oral cavity and health of the lips.

> To prevent oral infections.

> To clean and moisten the membranes of mouth and lips.

COMPLICATIONS: –

LOCAL COMPLICATIONS:

1} Halitosis

2} Stomatitis

3} Pyorrhoea

4} Root abscess

5} Tonsillitis

6} Sinusitis

7} Parotitis

8} Glossitis

9} Sores and crust

10} Otitis media

GENERAL COMPLICATIONS:

1} Inhalation pneumonia

2} Nephritis

3} Joint disease

4} Rheumatic Heart disease

5} Loss of appetite

HOW DO YOU GET TO KNOW ABOUT TOOTH DECAY?

Food getting stuck between teeth and bad breath, toothache, tooth sensitivity.

Prevention of tooth caries:

> Good oral hygiene habits

> Fluoride application

> Scaling

> Pit and fissures sealants

WHY SCALING IS IMPORTANT?

> Removal of infected deposits – plaques, calculus, and stains from surfaces of the teeth.

> Simple procedure by a dentist to keep gums healthy.

TREATMENT OF CARIES:

> Silver amalgam and composite

> Root canal treatment

> Extraction

PREVENTION OF HALITOSIS:

> Treatment of the problem

> Dental treatment

> Smoking cessation

> Avoid certain foods

> Keep the mouth hydrated.

PREVENTION OF TOOTH SENSITIVITY:

> Correct brushing technique

> Consumption of water after having acidic foods.

> Do not brush immediately after eating

> Reduce / stop carbonated drinks

> Uses for straw for minimal contact with teeth.

> Uses of sugar-free chewing gums.

TREATMENT:

> Scaling

> Restorations

> Crowns

> Caps

> Fluoride application

> Periodontal Surgery

HABITS: –

BRUSHING –

< Twice daily

< choose the correct brush and correct brushing technique.

FLOSSING-

< remove plaque and calculus from the areas where the brush cannot reach.

< Best done before brushing.

MOUTH WASHES:

< Best done 1 hour after brushing.

< Consult the dentist for choosing the correct mouth wash.

< Chlorhexidine/fluoride/anti-sensitivity.

TOOTHPASTE:

< Fluoridated toothpaste.

< Non-fluoridated tooth {kids <3 yrs.}

< Anti-sensitivity

DIET:

> Avoid eating sweets and sticky foods, aerated drinks.

> Eats food rich in fiber.

> Fruits and vegetables

> Drinking plenty of water.

> Sip some water after eating that will help dilute the acids.

> Rinse your mouth after meals.

MAKE THE CONNECTION!

A healthy mouth means HEALTHY BODY.

Eating a balanced diet with a variety of foods will improve oral health and general health.

Reducing the frequency of sugary food and beverages will reduce tooth decay and help maintain a healthy weight.

CONCLUSION:

> Strengthen the tooth enamel with the appropriate fluorides.

> Protect the chewing surfaces of teeth dental sealants.

> Brush and floss daily to remove bacteria.

> Limit serving of CHO foods and sweet beverages / increase complex CHO.

INTERESTING FACTS:

  • The average American spends 38.5 total days brushing their teeth over a lifetime.
  • People who drink 3 or more glasses of soda each day have 62% more tooth decay, fillings, and tooth loss than others.
  •  Put down the pop and sports drinks and pick up some nice fresh water instead.
  • Tooth enamel is the hardest substance in the human body. However, we do not recommend that you use your pearly whites to open bottle caps.
  • If you don’t floss, you miss cleaning 40% of your tooth surfaces. Make sure you brush and floss twice a day.
  • If you’re right-handed, you will chew your food on your right side.
  •  If you’re left-handed, you will tend to chew your food on your left side.
  • Every year, kids in North America spend close to half a million dollars on chewing gum.
  • More people use blue toothbrushes than red ones.
  • Like fingerprints, everyone’s tongue print is different
  • The average woman smiles 62 times a day. The average man smiles about 8 times a day.
  • Kids laugh around 400 times a day, adults just 15 times a day.
  • Giraffes only have bottom teeth.
  • Just like fingerprints, tooth prints are unique to each individual.
  • The average person only brushes for 45 to 70 seconds a day, the recommended amount of time is 2-3 minutes.
  • 78% of Americans have had at least 1 cavity by age 17.
  • 1882 was the year commercial floss was first manufactured.
  • The most valuable tooth belonged to Sir Isaac Newton. In 1816 one of his teeth was sold in London for $3,633, or in today’s terms $35,700.
  • More than 300 types of bacteria make up dental plaque.
  • Dogs have 42 teeth, cats have 30 teeth, pigs have 44 teeth, and an armadillo has 104 teeth.
  • A snail’s mouth is no larger than the head of a pin, but it can have over 25,000 teeth.
  • The elephant grinds its molars and grows new ones. This happens six times in a lifetime.
  •  An elephant’s molar is about 7 inches square and can weigh over 6 pounds
  • The Blue Whale is the largest mammal on earth, but it eats only tiny shrimp because it has no teeth.
  • The Crocodile Bird flies into the open mouth of a crocodile and cleans the crocodile’s teeth.
  • There are 10-12 teaspoons of sugar in a single can of soda.

 

 

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