Epilepsy and Oral Health
Epilepsy is a disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is distressed by causing seizures. During a seizure, a person experiences unusual behavior symptoms and sensations. Sometimes including loss of consciousness. Epilepsy may occur as a result of a genetic disorder or an acquired brain injury such as trauma or stroke, low oxygen during birth, infections such as meningitis.
How epilepsy-related with oral health? The convulsions often associated with epileptic seizures can cause a myriad of dental issues including, bites to the tongue or cheek from grasping teeth, chipped or cracked teeth displacement of a tooth from the socket, trauma-induced TMJ disk dislocation, fractured jaw unfortunately many of the medications used to regulate seizures can cause other oral health problems such as bleeding gums, overgrown gums called gingival hyperplasia and swelling of the tongue and ulcerations due to B12 deficiency. Some drugs can also impact the absorption of vitamin D, a mineral that helps strengthen teeth and bones. The best way to combat these issues is by practicing excellent oral hygiene including regular visits to the dentist. Keep a daily routine as normal as possible schedule appointments around likely known times/conditions for seizures. If helpful use of eye covers, earplugs, and soft music at your appointment. Make Sure your dentist aware of your epilepsy. Make sure to let them know what medications you are taking and if you have had issues with anesthesia in the past. In addition to any medications you are taking, you may want to consider telling your provider about your seizure type, frequency, and triggers. Providing past medical history can help to ensure a safe and comfort table visits. Epileptic patients tend to have more missing teeth and are less likely to get them replaced. However, as long as your dentist agrees, it is generally beneficial to get your missing teeth replaced.