Bleeding gums are the most frequent symptoms of gum disease. But it can also point to other health problems, occasional bleeding of the gums can be caused by bruising your teeth too vigorously or wearing dentures that don’t fit correctly. Frequent gum bleeding can also indicate more serious conditions including periodontitis (an advanced form of gum disease), leukemia (cancer of the blood), vitamin deficiency, lack of clotting cells (platelets).
Dental care issues are the main cause of bleeding gums. Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and periodontitis make your gums sensitive and prone to bleeding. Most people develop gingivitis when plaque stays on the gum line too long. Plaque refers to the debris and bacteria that stick to your teeth. Brushing your teeth removes plaque and can prevent you from developing cavities. But plaque may stay on your gum line if you don’t brush and floss properly. If plaque isn’t removed it can harden into tartar which will increase bleeding. When gingivitis becomes advanced can cause periodontal disease. It is an infection of the gums, jaw bone, and supportive tissues that connect your teeth and gums. Periodontitis can cause your teeth to loosen or fall out. Vitamin C and K deficiency can also cause gum bleeding. People who wear dentures also may sometimes experience bleeding gums. This is more likely when dentures fit too tightly. In pregnancy common causes of gum bleeding. Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can cause the gums to be more sensitive.
Good dental hygiene is the first step for managing bleeding gums. Visit your dentist twice per year for professional cleaning. Your dentist will let you know if you have gingivitis and teach you how to brush your teeth properly, proper brushing, flossing can remove plaque from your gum line and reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease. And proper vitamin supplements like vitamin C and K.